LACTLD shares the histories of its associate members that were included in the 20th Anniversary Publication. In this article, we present the historical review of .GT.
The .GT Registry is a unit from the Center for Applied Computer Studies (CEIA, in Spanish) of the Research Institute of Universidad del Valle de Guatemala (UVG). This Center made the first Internet connection in Guatemala in 1991.
A year later, in 1992, the .UVG.EDU domain name was requested to the IANA. Since the UVG was the first institution in Guatemala to connect to the Internet, the University was asked whether it would administrate the .GT country code top-level domain. Finally, the IANA delegated the administration of .GT to the institution, thus creating UVG.EDU.GT.
Since the state telecommunications company, GUATEL, held a monopoly, no further domain names were allocated, because the company did not authorize the implementation of the Internet in the country. After some necessary steps were taken, in December of 1995, this institution finally endorsed the use of the Internet at the national level. This way, the ccTLD .GT space was available for the public. Moreover, third-level subdomains became available: .COM.GT, .ORG.GT, .NET.GT, .EDU.GT, .GOB.GT, .MIL.GT and IND.GT.
Another step forward was taken in 2000 with the adoption of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) presented by ICANN and the WIPO. The UVG was the second institution in Latin America to adopt such policy.
Afterwards, in 2006, ICANN and the UVG signed an agreement that acknowledged the delegation of .GT as of 1992.
In 2012, the registration of second-level domains became available. This option has brought about greater growth so far.The following milestone for the .GT Registry is the recent conversion to the registry/registrar model. This conversion aims to allow their subscribers to acquire added-value services apart from their domain names.
The UVG, as administrator of the .GT, is an active member of LACTLD and of ICANN’s ccNSO.
*The original history is included in the LACTLD 20th Anniversary Publication.